Russian Journal of Plant Physiology (Fiziologiya rastenii) is a bimonthly journal published by the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) simultaneously in Russian and English. It was founded by the RAS and the Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology of the RAS (Moscow). The manuscripts which are sent for publication in the Journal should be submitted on the adequate English or Russian languages. An author's translation of the manuscript is permitted.

Postal address of The Editorial Office of Russian Journal of Plant Physiology: Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, RAS, Botanicheskaya ul. 35, Moscow, 127276 Russia. Phone: 7 (499) 678-54-35; e-mail address:

1. The Journal Profile. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology publishes the new results of completed original experimental studies on any aspect of plant physiology based also on approaches and methods of biochemistry, biophysics, genomics, genetics, molecular biology, genetic engineering, applied plant physiology, and other related fields. Priority is given to original research that contains new ideas, clearly formulated hypotheses and answers to questions relevant to a wide range of readers. Papers covering special cases of the well-studied problems in the general case will not be considered and rejected before peer review. We also accept descriptions of original methods and instruments opening novel possibilities for obtaining and analyzing experimental results. Papers outlining trends and hypotheses are accepted as well. Review articles, chronicles of congresses and conferences, and book reviews are published at the invitation of Editor-in-Chief. For serial publication, not less than two manuscripts should be submitted simultaneously. Brief communications are not accepted. However, in some cases, the editors may suggest that authors shorten a manuscript to the size of a brief communication (no more than 10 pages of text and 4 figures and/or tables in all). Manuscript submission implies that the material has not been published before and is not under consideration for publication anywhere else.

2. General guidelines for the preparation of the manuscript.

2.1. The manuscript should be prepared in accordance with the Journal guidelines. The license Copyright Transfer Agreement will be sent to the authors by e-mail when the article has been registered. All materials (text with illustrations, cover letter, a list of reliable reviewers) should be submitted to the editor in electronic form in Microsoft Word 6.0 or a later version, using Times New Roman font of 12-point size.

The submitted manuscript should be formed as a complete manuscript file with Figures. Text file should include: Text + References + Tables + Figure captions + Figures. Additionally, figures should be sent as the separate files (1 fig = 1 file) in JPEG or TIFF format.

2.2. Manuscript length should not exceed 20 printed pages (30 printed pages for review) including references, tables, figure captions and illustrations; it should contain no more than 7 figures, as well as no more than 7 tables.

2.3. The manuscript should be typed (Times New Roman font, 12 pt, 1.5 spacing throughout) in a single column with left and top margins of 2.5 cm and a right margin of 1.5 cm.

2.4. There must be one space between each word in the text.

2.5. All pages including references, tables and figure captions should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner. Pages with figures are not numbered.

2.6. All lines should be enumerated throughout the entire text by the left.


2.8. All figures (including photographs) should be submitted on the separate pages at the end of the manuscript (after Figure captions). Moreover, each figure should be prepared as a separate file (1 file = 1 figure) in TIFF or JPG format only.

Figures and photographs are published in black-and-white (colored photos should be published only for the additional payment). The publication of color figures in online version of the Journal is free of charge.

2.9. The manuscript should be signed by all authors.

2.10. On a separate page, it is recommended to provide a list of at least 3 potential reviewers on the subject of the manuscript, indicating their full name, affiliation and e-mail addresses.

2.11. Manuscript submission.

The electronic version of the manuscript (text and figures) and the Copyright Transfer Agreement should be sent as the attachments to the following e-mail address:

Copyright Transfer Agreement should be signed by ALL authors in the ORDER they appear in the article first page. All scanned pages of the Agreement should be sent to the Editorial Office by e-mail as the PDF files.

Manuscripts prepared incorrectly or in poor English are not considered.




There should be 5 empty lines before Title of the manuscript (in first page only) 


The Title of the manuscript must be concise (no more than 10 words) but informative. Capitalize the First Letters in All Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, and Subordinate Conjunctions. Avoid nonstandard abbreviations1

Principal Authora, Co-authorc, Co-authorc, *

(Authors' initials and surnames should be written with one space between the initials and between the initials and an author's surname. Authors’ affiliations should be marked as a,b,c etc.)

aFull name of Institution (Department Name, Faculty Name, University Name), City, Country

bFull name of Institution (Department Name, Faculty Name, University Name), City, Country

cFull name of Institution (Department Name, Faculty Name, University Name), City, Country

*e-mail: of Corresponding author


Abstract – The abstract should not exceed 250 words for review papers summarizing the essential features of the article. All papers should be preceded by a concise and informative abstract in which the plant material (binomial, including authority) is given. The abstract should explain the major contributions of the article for the general reader. The abstract is typed as a single paragraph. Citation and discussion of literature are not recommended.

Keywords: (no more than 10 items) are listed after the Abstract beginning with the Latin name(s) of the studied organism(s) without author's name. Keywords should be typed by roman font (except the Latin name(s)), separated by commas with an interval and arranged as follows: Keywords: Lycopersicon esculentum, transgenic tomato plant, ethylene

Abbreviations: List of non-standard abbreviations of words or phrases is given at the bottom of the first page. Abbreviations are listed in alphabetical order and arranged as follows: BA – benzyladenine; PSI – photosystem I; WT – wild type.

Please, define non-standard abbreviations when they are first mentioned in the text and in the abstract.



The section on Introduction should include the background (citation of relevant articles published previously) and aims of the research in a comprehensive manner.

Section headings. The section headings within the text (INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, REFERENCES) should be placed in the middle of separate lines and written in all capitals without underlining. First-level subheadings (in RESULTS) should follow title capitalization (example: Cytokinin-Dependent Signal Transduction) and be placed on separate lines. Second-level subheadings (in MATERIALS AND METHODS) and headings run into a paragraph should follow sentence capitalization (example: Plant material.).



Plant material paragraph should include complete botanical names (genus, species, authority for the binomial, and, when appropriate, cultivar) for all plants studied. Following first mentions, generic names should be abbreviated to the initial except when confusion could arise by reference to genera with the same initial.

Growth conditions must be described specifically and clearly.

New procedures should be described in sufficient detail to be repeated. A short description of other procedures should also be given. Avoid references like “… as described in [2]” or “... according to [5].” This section should also contain the names of the manufacturers (including country name) of materials and reagents.

Chemical formulas, mathematical equations and scientific names should be written with a clear indication of uppercase and lowercase letters (C or c) or the upper and lower indexes (32Р or А280). The lower and upper indexes are always typed directly.

The equations of chemical reactions and mathematical equations should be typed on a new line, and if there are several equations in the text each of them should be numbered in parentheses in the end of the line.

It is imperative that before submission, authors should carefully proofread the files for special characters, mathematical symbols, Greek letters, equations, tables, references and images, to ensure that they appear in proper format.

Statistical analysis of the results should be described. Identify the number of replications and the number of times individual experiments were duplicated. It should be clearly stated whether the standard deviation or the standard error is used.

Second-level subheadings and headings run into a paragraph should follow sentence capitalization (example: Plant material.).



Results should be presented mainly in figures and tables without their detailed discussion.

Do not duplicate your data in figures and tables.

All digits should be written with a period, not with a comma (for example: 0.1, not 0,1). 2,4-D is exception.

Capitalize first-level subheadings (for example: Cytokinin-Dependent Signal Transduction) and place them in the middle of separate lines.



The Discussion section should contain an interpretation but not a summary of the results. The Results and Discussion sections could be combined if a description of experimental results is brief or when the interpretation of the previous experiment is required for the logical substantiation of the next one.



General information about any assistance in conducting work and preparing an article. In this section, you can express thanks, report on the use of community centers, tell about the contributions of individual authors to the study (if necessary), and also report any information that may affect the understanding and assessment of the contents of the manuscript.



Information about grants and any other financial support for research. Please do not use abbreviated names of institutions and sponsoring organizations in this section.



This is required section for journals of biological subjects. If your work is not related to studies in which animals are used as an object of research, go to section 13.3.

13.1. If your work is related to studies in which animals are used as an object of research, then you must indicate that you have followed the standards for working with them.

Example: All applicable international, national and / or institutional guidelines for animal care and use have been observed.

13.2. If you publish an article and there is reason to think that you could use animals, but you did not use them, then you should write: "This article does not contain any studies using animals as objects."

13.3. If your work is not related to studies in which people are used as an object of research, then you can finish the design of this section or write: "This article does not contain any research involving people as objects of research."

13.4. If people were used as objects of research, then 2 points should be indicated:

1. All procedures carried out in a study with the participation of people comply with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research ethics committee and the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and its subsequent changes or comparable standards of ethics.

2. Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study.



This section indicates information about a conflict of interest – any relationship or area of interest that could directly or indirectly affect work or make it preconceived.

If there is no conflict of interest, the authors must declare this.

Example: Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.



This information is published at the request of the authors to determine the contribution of each author to the study.



Supportive/Supplementary material intended for publication in the electronic version of Journal must be numbered and referred to in the manuscript but should not be a part of the submitted paper. List all Supportive/Supplementary Material and include a brief caption line for each file describing its contents. The Supplementary Materials and additional files should be done in Word format and prepared according to the specifications (information can get at the Journal editorial office by e-mail).



(The list of references should be written on the separate page of the manuscript)

References to published papers and books (no more than 30 – for research papers, no more than 100 – for reviews); citation of the abstracts of meetings is not recommended.

References should be cited in the same numerical order as they appear in the text in square brackets (for example, [1] or [2–5], etc). The references in the text should be on the line.

The list of references should be done not alphabetically, but as references appear in the text with its numbers.

If 16 or more authors are cited in the reference source, then it is necessary to specify only 15 names and further use the construction “et al.”

Authors' initials should be written without space between them, and with one space after comma between the initials and an author's surname. The books' and journals' names should be typed with italic.

It is necessary to strictly comply with the requirements for the preparation of bibliographic references by analogy with the following examples:

Book reference:

1. Halliwell, B., Gutteridge, J.M.C., Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

2. Vandermeer, J.H., The Ecology of Intercropping, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Journal reference:

1. Brévault, T., Heuberger, S., Zhang, M., Ellers-Kirk, C., Masson, X., Ni, L., Li, X., Tabashnik, B.E., Carriere, Y., Potential shortfall of pyramided Bt cotton for resistance management, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 2013, vol. 110, p. 5806.

2. Murata, N., Takahashi, S., Nishiyama, Y., Allakhverdiev, S.I., Photoinhibition of photosystem II under environmental stress, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2007, vol. 1767, p. 414.

For correct abbreviations of journal titles, refer to Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index (CASSI).

Collections of scientific works:

1. Cuttriss, A.J., Pogson, B.J., Carotenoids, Plant Pigments and Their Manipulation, Davies, K.M., Ed., Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2004, p. 57.

2. Fry, W.E., Grünwald, N.J., Cooke, D.E.L., McLeod, A., Forbes, G.A., Cao, K., Population genetics and population diversity of Phytophthora infestans, Oomycete Genetics and Genomics: Diversity, Interactions, and Research Tools, Lamour, K., Kamoun, S., Eds., Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, p. 139.

Conference proceedings:

1. Mariette, N., Montarry, J., Boulard, F., Mabon, R., Corbière, R., Andrivon, D., Aggressiveness and genetic structure of French populations of Phytophthora infestans from 2001 to 2008, Proc. 19th Triennual Conference EAPR2014 (6-11 July, 2014, Brussels),

Articles or chapters in books:

1. Lichtenthaler, H., Vegetation stress: an introduction to the stress concept in plants, Vegetation Stress, Lichtenthaler, H., Ed., Stuttgart: Gustav Fisher, 1996, p. 4.

Dissertations and Thesis:

1. Bauer, S., Modeling competition with the field of neighbourhood approach – from individual interactions to population dynamics of plants, PhD Thesis, Marburg: Philipps Universität Marburg, 2002.

2. Nesterova, A.N., Effects of lead, cadmium, and zinc ions on the meristem cell arrangement and growth of maize seedling roots, Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1989.


1. Hoch, J.A., Huang, S., Screening methods for the identification of novel antibiotics, U.S. Patent 6043045, March 28, 2000.


TABLES (no more than 7). Each table should be presented on separate pages after list of References in the manuscript. Tables should have a brief title and 1.5 line spacing.

Each column of table should have a heading; units should appear under the column heading(s). Some remarks may be written below the table, but they should not repeat details given in the Materials and Methods section.

If there is a lot of tables in the article, then write Table 1. in bold and further write the title of table in normal type in one line

All tables should be cited in parenthesis with lower case letters in the text, for example – (table 1). Location of each table when it is first mentioned in the text should be noted in the margins of the manuscript in the square.


FIGURE CAPTIONS should be a brief self-sufficient explanation of the illustrations.

Captions should be written separately from figures on separate page at the end of the text (after References and Tables).

FIGURES / Illustrations (no more than 7).

All figures (including photographs) should be submitted on separate pages at the end of the manuscript (after Figure captions) in MS Word format. Moreover, each figure should be prepared as a separate file (1 file = 1 figure) in TIFF or JPG format.

All figures (photographs, graphs, and diagrams) should be cited in the text in parenthesis with lower case letters and numbered consecutively throughout, for example – (Fig. 1).

Location of each figure when it is first mentioned in the text should be noted in the margins of the manuscript in the square.

Figure number and author's name should be written in the bottom left-hand corner under the figure (for example, Fig. 1. Guo).

Figures should represent enough information to easily understand them. Figure parts should be identified by lowercase roman letters ((a), (b), (c), etc.) in parentheses. The axes of each graph should have numerical scale and measured quantity with units (for example, CO2 absorbance, μmol/(m2 s), but not Photosynthesis, μmol/(m2 s)). The curves should be defined with italic Arabic numbers, and their explanation should be presented in the caption. All of axis divisions (scale marks) should be directed inward. Supply figures at final size widths: 80 mm (single column) or 160 mm (double column). Maximum depth is 230 mm

Figures and photographs are printed in black-and-white (colored photos may be printed only for the additional payment). The publication of color figures in online version of the Journal is free of charge.


Editorial processing (reviewing, editing, and proofs).

Simultaneously with the submission of the manuscript to the Editorial Office the author should sign Copyright Transfer Agreement. This Agreement should be signed by hand by ALL authors in the ORDER they appear in the article first page and the Agreement should be sent to the Editorial Office by e-mail as scan copy.

The Editorial Office informs authors by e-mail that a manuscript is received.

Manuscripts prepared incorrectly or in poor English are not considered.

All manuscripts submitted will be reviewed (in case the authors complied with the rules of the manuscript preparation). The reviewer evaluates the manuscript, suggests improvements and recommends accepting or declining the paper. Manuscripts and reviewer's comments are emailed to the authors. Revised manuscripts with point-by-point responses to the referee should be returned within 30 days; otherwise, they will be treated as new submissions. If the revised manuscript is not received within two months, it is rejected. The manuscript is then subjected to scientific editing. Accepted manuscripts are published in correspondence with the date of their receiving. Papers containing new information of exceptional significance may be, on the proposal of the Editor-in-Chief, published first in the shortest possible time.

By submitting an article to the Journal, the author ensures that the corresponding material (original or translated into other languages) have never been published and is not under consideration for publication in other publishing houses.

After the adoption of the manuscript for publication, the author can't make significant changes and additions. After publication, the author receives a copy of the article in PDF format.

Materials submitted to the Journal don't come back. The editorial office has a right don't enter into correspondence with the author about the causes (reasons) publication refuse of the article.

The Publishing House will deliver the page proofs to authors electronically only to a single address indicated in the affiliation section. 


Units of Measure, Symbols, and Abbreviations

Basic SI units:

A - ampere; Bq - becquerel; D - dalton; E - einstein; F - farad; G - gauss; g - gram; h - hour; Hz - hertz; J - joule; l - liter; m - meter; min - minute; N - newton; Pa - pascal; R - roentgen; Gr - gray; s - second; V - volt; W - watt; Ω - ohm.


Use the following multiplying prefixes for the appropriate units:

P - peta 1015; T - tera 1012; G - giga 109; M - mega 106; k - kilo 103; d - deci 10–1; c - centi 10–2; m - milli 10–3; μ - micro 10–6; n - nano 10–9; p - pico 10–12; f - femto 10–15.

Do not use negative exponents to indicate units, e.g., use μmol/(m2 s) rather than μmol m–2 s–1.


Use without definition the following abbreviations:

atm - atmosphere

bp - base pair

cpm - counts per min

cv. - cultivar

dpm - disintegrations per min

dry wt - dry weight

equiv - equivalent

fr wt - fresh weight

g - gravity

ha - hectare

K - degrees Kelvin

kb - kilobase

KM-Michaelis constant

mol - mole

mol wt - molecular weight

osmol - osmole

pI - isoelectric point

ppm - parts per million

rpm - revolutions per minute

Rf - retardation factor

SD - standard deviation

SE - standard error

sp. - species

UV - ultraviolet

var. - variety

vol. - volume (but v/v, not vol/vol)

wt - weight (as a measure of material) (but w/v, not wt/vol)



ANOVA - analysis of variance

ELISA - enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ESR - electron spin resonance

FPLC - fast protein liquid chromatography

GC - gas chromatography

IEF - isoelectric focusing

HPLC - high performance liquid chromatography

RP-HPLC - reverse-phase HPLC

MS - mass spectrometry

NMR - nuclear magnetic resonance

PAGE - polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

PCR - polymerase chain reaction

RACE - rapid amplification of cDNA ends

RFLP - restriction fragment length polymorphism

RT-PCR - reverse transcription PCR

SDS-PAGE - denaturing PAGE

TLC - thin-layer chromatography



ABA - abscisic acid

AMP, ADP, ATP - adenosine mono-, di-, triphosphate

ATPase - adenosine triphosphatase

BSA - bovine serum albumin

buffers: Tris, Mes, Hepes, Pipes

cAMP, cGMP - cyclic monophosphates

CMP, CDP, CTP - cytidine mono-, di-, triphosphate

CoA, AcetylCoA - coenzyme A, acetylcoenzyme A

2,4-D - 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

DNA - deoxyribonucleic acid

cDNA - complementary DNA

ctDNA - chloroplast DNA

mtDNA - mitochondrial DNA

nDNA - nuclear DNA

snDNA - small nuclear DNA

ssDNA, dsDNA - single-stranded DNA, double-stranded DNA

DNase - deoxyribonuclease

EDTA - ethylenediaminetetraacetate

EGTA - ethyleneglycol-bis (b-aminoethylether)

N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid

FAD - flavine adenine dinucleotide

FADH2 - its reduced form

GA - gibberellin

GA3 - gibberellic acid

GMP, GDP, GTP - guanosine mono-, di-, triphosphate

IgG, IgM, etc - immunoglobulin G, M, etc.

IAA - indoleacetic acid

MDA - malondialdehyde

MS medium - Murashige and Skoog nutrient medium

NAA - naphthalene acetic acid

NAD - nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NADH - its reduced form

NADP - nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

NADPH - its reduced form

PAAG - polyacrylamide gel

PEG - polyethylene glycol

poly(A) - polyadenylate

RNA - ribonucleic acid

   cRNA - complementary RNA

   hnRNA - heterogenous nuclear RNA

   mRNA - messenger RNA

   rRNA - ribosomal RNA

   snRNA - small nuclear RNA

   tRNA - transfer RNA

   se - ribonuclease

RNP - ribonucleoprotein

ROS - reactive oxygen species

Rubisco - ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase

SDS - sodium dodecyl sulfate

TCA - trichloroacetic acid

UMP, UDP, UTP - uridine mono-, di-, triphosphate


Amino Acids:

Use the three-letter symbols (or the one-letter symbols in the case of protein sequences):

Ala(A) - alanine

Arg(R) - arginine

Asn(N) - asparagine

Asp(D) - aspartic acid

Cys(C) - cysteine

Gln(Q) - glutamine

Glu(E) - glutamic acid

Gly(G) - glycine

His(H) - histidine

Hyp(O) - hydroxyproline

Ile(I) - isoleucine

Leu(L) - leucine

Lys(K) - lysine

Met(M) - methionine

Orn - ornithine

Phe(F) - phenylalanine

Pro(P) - proline

Ser(S) - serine

Thr(T) - threonine

Trp(W) - tryptophan

Tyr(Y) - tyrosine

Val(V) - valine


Ara - arabinose

dRib - deoxyribose

Fru - fructose

Fuc - fucose

Gal - galactose

Glu - glucose

Man - mannose

Raf - raffinose

Rib - ribose

Suc - sucrose

UDP-Gal - uridine diphosphate galactose

Xyl - xylose


The following need to be defined if used:


Ab - antibody

   mAb - monoclonal antibody

AD - actinomycin D

AP - action potential

BA - benzyladenine

BEP - bioelectric potential

CH - cycloheximide

CCC - chlorocholine chloride

Chlide - chlorophyllide

CM-cellulose - carboxymethylcellulose

ConA - concanavalin A

Cyt - cytochrome

DTT - dithiothreitol

DCMU - dichlorophenyldimethylurea, diuron

DMSO - dimethyl sulfoxide

DNP - 2,4-dinitrophenol

FA - fatty acids

Fd - ferredoxin

GABA - g-aminobutyric acid

GSH, GSSG - glutathione, reduced and oxidized

IMP, IDP, ITP - inosine mono-, di-, triphosphate

IPA - isopentenyladenine

PAL - phenylalanine ammonia-lyase

PBS - phosphate-buffered saline

PC - phosphatidylcholine

Pchl - protochlorophyll

Pchlide - protochlorophyllide

PE - phosphatidylethanolamine

PEP - phosphoenolpyruvate

PEPC - phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase

Pfr - phytochrome, far-red absorbing

Pr - phytochrome, red absorbing

Pi - phosphate (inorganic)

PK/PKC - protein kinase/protein kinase C

PPi - pyrophosphate

PMSF - phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride

SHAM - salicylhydroxamic acid

SSC - standard saline citrate

UTR - untranslated region

Z - zeatin

ZR - zeatin riboside


Other abbreviations:

C3 plant (not C3-plant)

C4 plant (not C4-plant)

CAM - crassulacean acid metabolism

2D/3D - two-dimensional/three-dimensional

DAF - days after flowering

DAP - days after pollination

ER - endoplasmic reticulum

ETC - electron transport chain

EU - enzyme unit

FR - far-red light

IC50 - inhibitory concentration (50% inhibition)

IR - infrared

IRGA - infrared gas analyzer

isotopes - 14C, 3H, etc.

LD - long day

LD50 - lethal dose (50% survival)

LHC - light-harvesting complex

lx - lux

MF - microfilaments

MT - microtubules

ORF - open reading frame

PAR - photosynthetically active radiation

PPFD - photosynthetic photon flux density, mmol/(m2 s)

PFD - photon flux density, mmol/(m2 s)

POL - peroxidation of lipids

PSI - photosystem I

PSII - photosystem II

R - red light

RC - respiratory control

RNA polymerase (not RNA-polymerase)

RH - relative humidity

SD - short day

X-rays - Roentgen rays


Abbreviations used in tables:

A - absorbance (A320)

chl - chlorophyll

conc - concentration

const - constant

exp - experiment

F - fluorescence (F720)

LSD - least significant difference

nd - not determined, no data

ns - not significant

temp - temperature